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History of Lahore

01 Jul 2020
History of Lahore

Lahore is the second-largest city in Pakistan and the capital of the state of Punjab. It is located about 1,305 kilometers northeast of Karachi on the southern coast of the Indus on the Ravi River, which is the Indus treaty. The city has a history of turmoil. It was the capital of the Ghaznavid kingdom from 1163 to 1186. The Mongol army captured Lahore in the year 1241.

During the 14th century, the city was attacked repeatedly by the Mongols until 1398 when it fell under the Turkic conqueror Timur. In 1524 he was captured by Mughal Babur soldiers. This marked the beginning of the golden year of Lahore under the Mughal rule, where the city used to be a royal residence. He grew immensely during the reign of Shah Jahan (1628-558) but declined in importance during the reign of his successor, Aurangzeb.

Since the death of Aurangzeb (1707), Lahore fought under a state of power between the Mughal emperors and the Sikh rebels. With the invasion of Nadir Shah in the middle of the 18th century, Lahore became an ally of the Iranian state. However, it soon coincided with the rise of the Sikhs, and again became the seat of powerful government during the reign of Ranjit Singh (1799-1818).

After Singh's death, the city rapidly declined and passed under British rule in 1849. When the Indian subcontinent established independence in 1947, Lahore became the capital of the province of West Punjab; In 1955 the capital of the rebuilt state of Western Pakistan was restored, which was restored together as a province of Punjab in 1970.

Lahore consists of an old city center covered by the southeast by a new commercial, industrial and residential area with city streets. The old city was once surrounded by a wall and a machine, but these structures have been remodeled, with the exception of the north, with parks. The circular road around the rampart gives access to the old town through 13 gates. Notable buildings within the old city include the Waazir Khan Mosque (1634) and Lahore Fort.

A walled structure encompassing 36 acres (14.5 hectares), the castle is a prime example of Mughal architecture; it was built in part by the Akbar (ruled 1556-1605) and extended by the following three kings. The mosque and fort are decorated with marble and cashi, or encaustic tile work. Other historical references include the Badshahi (Imperial) Mosque, built by Aurangzeb and still one of the largest Muslim sites in the world; the Zam-14-foot- (4.3-meter-) long Zam Zam or Zam-Zammah, immortal canon (and other city details) in Rudyard Kipling Kim's novel (1901); Ranjit Singh's buildings and the mausoleum; the Shahdara gardens, containing the tomb of the Mughal emperor Jahangir; and the beautiful Shalimar Garden, set in the eastern part of the city in 1642 by Shah Jahan as a refuge for the royal family. Jahan's refuge comprises about 80 hectares (32 hectares) of dense, walled gardens, with about 450 wells.

The fort and Shalimar Garden were designated together as a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981. An important educational institution, Lahore is the seat of the University of Punjab (1882), the oldest university in Pakistan. Near the university is the Lahore Museum (1864), where the collections of art and museums are housed. The University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (1961), and many other colleges and institutions are also located in this city. Lahore is a leading commercial, banking, and industrial center. Textiles are one of the most important industries, but there are many rubber factories, as well as steel, steel, and other mills. Trains and air services link Lahore with other major cities in Pakistan.

A Brief Introduction to Modern Lahore

Lahore Heart of Pakistan

Lahore is Pakistan's second-largest city and the state capital of Punjab. Historically, it is said to be about 2000 years old. In early times, it was a colony of Kangra Hill Kingdoms and was a township banned from it

Lahore to Baghdad

Lahore has always been the seat of learning and knowledge. Sufism and contemporary spirituality became their main discipline Schools were opened and academics from Baghdad, Iran, and other eastern and magical areas came to this historic city and settled here. Lahore is famous for poetry.

The city prospered during the four centuries of the Delhi Sultanate. It became the second capital of the empire in 1580 under the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great.

Mughals Kingdom

The Mughal emperors created the city's beauty with magnificent building buildings and gardens that survived the peril of time. Lahore touched a high amount of glory during the reign of the Mughals. It was this Lahore reputation that pleased the English writer John Milton who wrote in 1670: "Agra and Lahore, the great seat of the Mughal

Education and Poetry

Education and poetry were to divide the city during the reigns of Mughal kings Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. The reputation of the city continued even during the turmoil in the 18th century and continued to be remembered as the Mughal capital even under the rule of the Sikhs (1780-1846).

Western Touch

Many impressive buildings were raised in Lahore, during the British occupation of the Sub-Continent that blended well with traditional Mughal and Western architectural and artistic styles. The British, who occupied Punjab in 1849, had literally restored the old Lahore vision.

Rich Culture

Lahore's culture is unique because of its history. Known as the cultural capital or Heart of Pakistan for the same reason, the city has been the seat of the Mughal Empire, the Sikh Empire, and the capital of Punjab in the Kingdom of Mahmud Ghaznavi (11th century) and the British Empire.

Lahore Major Temptations

  • The Shish Mahal (Palace of mirrors) was built for the queen and her court and was installed with screens to hide from their eyes.
  • The Greater Badshahi Mosque (Royal Mosque) was built in 1673 by the great Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir who ruled India from 1658 to 1707 AD.
  • Shalimar Garden was built by the great Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Construction began in the year 1641 A.D. and was completed in a year.
  • The Lahore Museum, which was built on the Mall, was founded in 1895 and was temporarily occupied by Rudyard Kipling's father. The museum contains a wonderful selection of paintings and weapons.
  • The old city of Lahore called "Andron-e-Shehr" in the local language meaning that Inner City was fortified by the city wall during the Mughal Period.
  • The Tomb of Mughal Emperor Jahangir (1569 - 1627) is one of the masterpieces of Mughal Architecture. The Mausoleum is located in Shahdara, Lahore "Dilkusha Garden", located on the northwest bank.
  • Lahore Zoo is the second oldest place in Southeast Asia after Calcutta and has been a source of family entertainment and entertainment for over 100 years. Lahore also has a Safari park spread over 200 acres.

Life in Lahore:

History, institutions, food, clothing, films, music, fashion, and a way of life of civil liberties attract many from all over the world. Lahore is a very pleasant city; the people of Lahore celebrate many cultures throughout the year, including the Mughal, western and modern ways. Lahore has a predominantly Muslim population; Eid ul-Fitr and Eid ul-Adha are very religious events, people decorate their homes with light candles to light the streets and houses the streets and businesses set aside for public holidays.

Festival Time

The National Horse and Cattle Show are one of the annual celebrations, held in the spring at Fortress Stadium. Activities that took a week include livestock shows, horse and camel dances, camping, colorful folk dances from all over Pakistan, large group shows, and evening tattoo shows. On August 14, the Pakistani people celebrated the day Pakistan gained its independence from British Raj. There are a lot of festivals Life on the streets:

Life is good on the streets here in Lahore street food, the center of Pakistani traditional food. Lahore is known for its food and cuisine. While Lahore has many traditional and modern restaurants, in recent years, fast-food chains in the West, such as McDonald's, Pizza Hut, Domino's Pizza, Subway Sandwiches, Dunkin Donuts, Nando's, and Kentucky Fried Chicken have appeared throughout the city.

There are a few places in Lahore that are famous for its cuisine, but then a food street was created in the historical Lahore area (Gawalmandi, Anarkali, and Badshahi) which attracted a lot of tourists around the world. Many of the latest historical, cultural, and historical restaurants are opening. The MM Alam Road in Gulberg Here, many high-end shops, ranging from Western factories to traditional, national, or theme restaurants, attract all classes of Lahore residents.

People at this point in Lahore are recognized as food lovers, which is why so many new restaurants are opened regularly. The food business is very competitive. People like to go out for dinner at night. Another unique restaurant for Lahore restaurant is "Coocoo's Den", located in the old town just behind the Badshahi Mosque that offers a taste of old and new.

Anarkali is one of the most popular shops here in Lahore, serving many people daily in a traditional way. This market is filled by means of traditional goods such as embroidery, gold and silver jewelry, glass beads, leather fabrics, stripes, and silk construction.

Lahore fun facts you never knew

By way of Lahore being a very happening place, people think they know a lot about it. Nearly everyone has an idea about Lahore, its people, its food, its buildings, its politics. The city is all the time able to stay on the news for all kinds of reasons. So, we end up in the public interest, compiling a list of some fun and interesting facts about this city on the shores of the mighty Ravi.

Foreign Airlines!

You be familiar with that Allama Iqbal Airport in Lahore's largest airport handles over 20,700 international flights for each year with over 16,700 international flights arriving in Lahore!

Being the largest city of Punjab and its commercial center gives Lahore culture a vibrant color as people from across the province come to work here. At any time there are over sixteen different Punjabi languages ​​spoken here including Mahi, Pothohari, Dhani, Shapuri, Jhangochi, Jangli / Rachnavi, Chenavari, Talochi, Hindko, Chhachi, Jandali, Multani / Saraiki, Dastiawhi,. , Dogri / Darhab.

Mohammad Rafi and Lahore

Very few people know about the fact that famous Bollywood actor Mohammad Rafi started his career in Lahore. Being a cultural center in North India before separating Lahore was home to literary figures such as Manto, Sahir Ludhianvi, and Amrita Pritam.

How was Lahore named?

Historians speculate that Lahore is a name derived from Luv who was the son of Lord Rama in a Hindu mythology mentioned in the Ramicana eRic. Next time you're sitting with your Lahori executives and friends, try asking them this question.

Moti is Not Mochi!

This is a bit that is not even known to residents of the famous Mochi gate. Although burned during the civil uprising in 1947, shops, the old Mohallas, and carved buildings still exist. But here's the fun part, it was actually named Moti Gate during the Mughal times. It has been named after Moti Ram, an official in the court of chief Mughal Akbar.

Every shining Diamond Is Not What You Think That Is

For Lahoris, this is like I'm giving them a red pill. The taboo attached to Heera Mandi may seem a little boring if you read its history. Named after a boy named Heera Singh, Heera Mandi was the heart of the city's culture. However, after settling on the lower continent, the British transformed it into a place of prostitution. However, the taboo curtains are slightly raised. Iqbal Hussain, a disease painter, and famous local storyteller have a restaurant called Cuckoo's Den where traditional Lahore cuisine is served. The Sweet Tooth restaurant has also opened its doors there

Best Places to visit in Lahore

Food Street and M M Alam Road

The MM Alam Road stretches from the Multiple Market to the Firdous Market. This main road was known after Mohammed Mahmood Alam's names, a well-known Pakistani Air Force. The fact that some great restaurants in Lahore are to be found on this well-built road is one of the main reasons for visiting this place.

There is a wide number of commercial and residential properties around the food street and MM Alam road. You can find all of these plots for sale from Food Street nearby areas and MM Alam with a single click through

From Village Restaurant to Jammin Java Café to Pompei to Burger Hub, there are plenty of restaurants that impress to some extent meal. In the same way, the beautifully illuminated Food Street is another place to enjoy the aroma and taste of all the delicious dishes Lahore has to offer.

If you are a true foodie and want to entertain yourself with a different variety of eateries every day then you are suggested to live near MM Alam road. You can find a wide number of verified property listings on

Lahore Fort

Lahore Fort, or Shi'i Qila, is a beautiful and picturesque Mughal building. This historical palace is to be built by the famous Mahmood of Ghazni in the 11th century. This great computer is a treat for all art lovers who can choose the beauty of the different gardens, palaces, halls, mosque services, and other such buildings and existing structures within Lahore Fort. It is 1100 meters high and 1115 meters high and the Palace of the Sheesh Mahal is one of the most visited palaces in Lahore Fort.

Living near and around Lahore Fort is not an issue with If you are looking for residential property to buy or rent in this area, you can contact and discover infinite properties in a blink of an eye.

Badshahi Mosque

For those visiting Lahore, Badshahi Mosque is a treat. This mosque is one of the most famous in the world and was built in the year 1674 by Aurangzeb, the Mughal king.

According to reports, it has been found that this Muslim church can hold up to 40,000 people if they pray in a single prayer. The fun thing about it is that it is made entirely of red stones. Guests will be able to witness pieces from the Prophet Muhammad, his daughter, and son-in-law.

Anarkali Bazaar and Freedom Market

For many, a good shopping experience is one of the best things tourists can look forward to when exploring a new city, and Lahore can easily offer that. The city has many shops and markets. From megastores such as Metro to Xinhua Mall, to Hyperstar, the city offers an excellent shopping experience. Among the many stores, Liberty Market and Anarkali Baazar are popular, thus making them a must-visit. From jewelry to embroidery to leather to dress to silk to footwear, the best of Lahore can be found in these markets.

The above-mentioned commercial areas are the major markets of the city and prove to be the best place for people who are willing to start their business.

A huge number of buyers and wholesalers visit these markets on a daily basis which proves to be a golden chance for spreading your business and mark good sales. Commercial plots for sale in the most demanded commercial areas are easily accessed from If you are looking for residential properties in MM Alam you will come across a wide range of studio, single and duplex apartments. Houses are also available but they are not located at the exact market location.

Masjid Wazir Khan

The Qashani Tilework of the Wazir Khan Mosque looks a direct contrast to the splendor of Lahore Fort. For photographers, this place is a dream come true, because they can enjoy a kaleidoscopic dream by witnessing the brightness of bright colors.

Floral motifs and blue and green calligraphy come together in a graceful exhibition throughout the façade. Although it may seem like it took centuries to build this mosque, it was actually built in only seven years during the reign of Shah Jehan, the Mughal emperor.

Masjid Wazir Khan enjoys an amazing location in the heart of the walled city. This place is known for one of the huge markets of Pakistan and its reasonable prices. This is the main reason why people from all over Pakistan come here for shopping. This is an amazing place to run your business, no matter small or big. This place beholds business growth and provides sound business activities. Commercial properties for sale around Masjid Wazir Khan are available at different prices on the official website of

The Shalamar Gardens

For those who love nature, the Shalamar Garden of Lahore should be the perfect place for the city's lush and congestion for a while. The garden is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Also known as the Shalamar Garden, it was built in 1641 by Shah Jahan, the great Mughal emperor. These 80 acres of scenic Garden is a great example of the famous architecture of the Mughal Empire. In the center of the garden are three places known as Hayat Baksh, Faiz Baksh, and Farah Baksh. Apart from this, there are many sources of white marble and buildings in the garden.

This place is one of the most visited recreational spots and a lot of people come here every day which makes this place an exceptional location for commercial activities. A small shop of eateries or products carrying Lahore/ Punjab or Mughal heritage products would prove to be an amazing business. You can find a huge number of commercial properties for sale and rent near Salamar Garden through

Lahore Museum

The Lahore Museum is one of the best places to learn about the fascinating history of Pakistan.

The museum was built in the 18th century and contains antiquities from the time of the development of Mohenjodaro and Harrapa to the present day. It has nearly 20 paintings depicting precious non-essential Quran, paintings, Gandharan sculpture, carpets, manuscripts, Islamic art, and many other such works of art.

Minar in Pakistan

Minar-e-Pakistan is a well-known monument to being a good introduction to Pakistan's vision. The monument is located in the famous Iqbal Park of Lahore which is one of the city's largest parks. Built during the 1960s, it has a special sense of patriotism as in this area Lahore Resolution was approved by the All-India Muslim League on March 23, 1940. A combination of Islamic, Mughal, and modern styles.

When it comes to finding residential and commercial properties near Minar-r-Pakistan, always got your back. You will find a huge number of verified property listings with the help of’s representative.

Mini Golf Club

This is a great place to take a break from all walks and explore. This popular area of ​​Lahore youth has more to offer than just a little golf course. Guests who want to have some fun with their companions can spend the day playing the game. Afterward, in the evening, enjoy the beautiful atmosphere of the club with some hookah food and delicious fusion food.

A hub of business in Lahore, Gulberg has a lot to offer for its residents. This place is known for its best location brilliant infrastructure. When we talk about properties near Mini Golf Club, we see diversified commercial and residential plots for sale in Gulberg Lahore, options at different prices and dimensions. You can find them with a single tap by surfing

Lahore Wagah Border

A trip to Lahore would not be complete without a night on the Wagah border. This area marks the border between Pakistan and its neighbor, India. Every evening visitors come to the area to witness the Wagah festival, a military practice practiced by Pakistan and India at the same time since 1959. The lively crowd and the trash drive on both sides is something that every visitor will encounter before. out of the city of Lahore.

Being located at a huge distance from the city, Wagha Border has its own demand for commercial properties for sale and rent.

The Malls in Lahore

Emporium Mall by Nishat

Lahore's Emporium mall is not just for shopping, but for great beauty, luxury, and greatness. This eleven-story building is home to a five-star hotel. The Emporium mall is home to more than 200 brands, an elegant food court, and many restaurants. Aside from the products, this mall has a cinema, banquet halls, and a children's play area. The Emporium Mall is a large shopping center that stretches over 114 trees. If you are in Lahore and have the time and money to spend, Emporium Mall is definitely the place for you.

Johar town being a major area of the city holds great importance in the geographical map of Lahore. Johar town experienced a great rise in land value after the establishment of the Emporium Mall. We witnessed a major increase in the number of people who started looking for commercial and residential properties in Johar Town. A large number of properties for sale in Johar Town are available for sale. Houses for rent in johar town are also in demand these days whereas commercial plots in Johar Town are also gaining major attention from investors and businessmen.

Mall of Lahore

Located on the famous Mall Road, the Mall of Lahore is one of the most popular places in Lahore. Spacious and comfortable, the mall offers the best clothing for men, women, and children. The Mall of Lahore has an underground grocery store, which is an added benefit for people who want to shop in a refurbished area.

The Mall of Lahore is one of the largest malls in Lahore.

Fortress Square

Situated in the safest part of Lahore, the fortress stadium, Fortress Square is the perfect shopping venue for families. There is a list of reasons that makes it worth visiting. Fortress Square is home to over 100 local and international brands. And it doesn’t stop there, the food court on the fourth floor is a real treat if you want to have your favorite meal and enjoy a beautiful view of the city. This mall is just the right hangout spot for young and energetic individuals who like to have a good time. It has a super space gaming zone, a cinema, a rainbow garden, and a play area for kids. It also provides a convenient 5 story car-parking space that you don’t have a hard time looking for a place to pull over. If you are in Lahore, looking for the most extravagant outing experience, there is no place better than Fortress Square. Just gather a group of like-minded friends and hit the spot immediately.

Gulberg Galleria

Situated in the heart of downtown Gulberg Boulevard, the Gulberg Galleria is a great all-day shopping destination. It is known for the finest clothing brands and high-quality footwear. The mall offers something great for all age groups. Not only are clothing and footwear known for this area, but there are also other things that can make your time and money well spent. The Gulberg Galleria is also known for its coffee shops, fine restaurants, and great food court. It has a spacious parking area, which allows guests to park their cars with ease. If you want to buy the finest hats and treat your taste buds then head on over. The sheer size of the shops will surprise you and you will have an enjoyable shopping experience.

List of Lahore's most popular food items

  • Paaye of Manoo Siri Paaye, Sultanpura

A plate that will die with a paaye paired with hot pizzas served by meethi lassi and complete with meethi lassi that fills all breakfast needs!

  • Falooda from Baba Ji Kulfi Walay, Islamic City

Crushed crop ice cream, kulfa, and lacchay - It's the perfect Lahori summer solution!

  • Beef Khoya Tikka from Shafi Tikka Shop, Saddar Bazaar

This bite of beef from Shafi Tikka is achieved to perfection. Never eat these without naan and go home happy.

  • Besan-Fried Rahu from Bashir Dar ul Mahi, Mozang

Desi fried fish attracts thousands and thousands of people, especially in winter. You will love the pairing with the liquid, the aalu Bukhara chutney served.

  • Hareesa by Amritsari Hareesa, Nisbat road

This delicious, Kashmiri concoction of meat with wheat flour and ghee loads in Amritsari will blow your mind.

  • Taka Tak from Cafe Riaz, Samanabad

Lahori style stirring cereal that contains brains, kidney prepared veggies, and take in a large pan ... I always pack one at home. ALWAYS.

  • Nihari of Waris Nihari House, Anarkali

Nihari is a shahi breakfast and what better place to get this cow tied up in luggage of masala and ghee from Waris Nihari at Anarkali bazaar?

  • Karahi from Butt Karahi, Lakshmi Chowk

Butt Karahi from Lakshmi Chowk is the king of all the keys to Lahore. Well, he is coffee alive.

  • Chanay from Jeela Chanay Wala, Amir Rd Shadbagh

Be it plain chanay, murgh (chicken) chanay or mutton chanay, this Shadbagh place called Jeela Chanay Wala takes the crown, of course. The taste and texture of the chocolates and remains give the other chanay walas a run for their money.

  • Mango Pista Badaam Ice Cream from Chaman, Beadon Road, Mall

Chaman will always continue to collect one of the best desi ice creams in town. Customer preferences are the Mango Pista Badam (Mango Pistachio Almonds) which leads you to shamelessly ask for another scoop.

  • Anda Shami from Rangeela Burger, Mall Road Near Naqi Market

The fried egg comes in a delicious shami kebab included in the bun and is fried every bit (to keep it soft inside). This celestial burger is why I have given up on the Golden Arches and its bland, plastic burger.

  • Samosa Cholay from Best Samosa Shop, Ghalib Market

You once looked at your empty samosas and it was like, "Man, I wish this had been given to me on a plate of red, sweet chutney and channa chutney." Well, go there, eat it with a spoon and be a believer in samosa cholay.

  • Dumba Karahi from Ilyas Dumba Karrahi, Lori Adda, Sabzi Mandi

If you are always looking for a karahi with dumba meat in it, give yourself craving and set up your GPS at Adda Loading, Sabzi Mandi. When you get out of your car, ask anyone where you get the best dumba karahi and they will guide you to Ilyas Dumba Karahi.

  • Paitha and Gajar Ka Halwa are in Butt Swiss, Lakshmi

Butt Sweets serves a delicious tasty pumpkin and carrot halwas topped with ghee, khoya, and sugar. No one in Lahore can beat these bad boys - They are the victors of halwas in the city.

  • Made from a lump from Alamgir Waffle Cone, Market Major

Move up, empty lumps. Alamgir in the Main Market serves a nutty, tilla-laden vanilla soft served with chocolate sauce. This makes our world spin around and around - For non-nutritional reasons.

  • Jalebi from Grato Jalebi

Iftaaris and tee are incomplete without Grato Jalebi. This special jawbone is filled with sugar syrup and is twice the size of a standard jar and, of course, crisp.

  • Dahi Bhallay from Nafees Dahi Bhallay, Model Town

The Nafees' Dahi Bhallay is cold, fresh, and elaborate with crispy paapri, sweet chutney, and chaat masala and has apparently earned the favorite crown of Nawaz Sharif dahi bhallas. In your mouth, these ballads create a waltz and sometimes make you do it too. And with health advice 101, if acidity always bothers you, grab a plate here. The magic will happen.

Lahore is a city of big-hearted, lively people. If you haven’t visited Lahore before, brace yourself for a big warm welcome you will receive in this city.

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